DIN rail Type Buffer Unit Application

By Simon Kuo / Customer Service Dept.

In response to the de-globalization caused by COVID-19, companies have suspended business trips and regulated the flow of personnel, leading to the sharply increasing demand for home office work and remote video conference. Educational institutions also launched online courses. When all information is no longer transmitted by face-to-face, but by voice, video, and E-Mail, all data must be transmitted through electronic devices. Consequently, the demand for data centers, cloud boomed.
For such equipment, high stability is the system Integrators’ priority.

Stable electricity supply is essential for an enterprise to establish a data center or any other industrial facility.   To improve system stability, an uninterruptible power system (UPS) was proposed in the 1960s as shown in Figure 1. Nowadays, UPS is composed of battery packs, inverters and control circuits, with one end connected to the power grid and the other end connected to loads. When the grid voltage is normal, the UPS uses the grid power to charge itself. However, once the power grid is abnormal, the UPS  releases the electrical energy stored in the battery to the load.
The UPS is equipped with batteries, so it is suitable for areas with frequent power failure. When AC fails, the UPS needs about 2 to 10 milliseconds to start the voltage stabilization function. Furthermore, UPS is composed of batteries, with the working temperature usually around 0℃~ 40℃. Some models even need to implement fans for heat dissipation, leading to noise. In the long run, its large size, noise, and maintenance bring consumers inconvenience. To improve the above shortcomings, power supply manufacturers have introduced buffer modules as shown in Figure 2 to give users a better alternative.

  Figure 1      Figure 2  

There are many differences between the buffer module and the UPS system as shown in Table 1. Since the buffer module is composed of capacitors, it has the advantages of miniaturization, low cost, and maintenance-free. Also, the UPS has a millisecond response time, which is quite slow compared to the buffer module. The internal capacitors of the buffer module and the output of the power supply are directly connected in parallel as shown in Figure 3. When the output of power supply fails, the capacitor in the buffer module will provide power immediately, allowing the customer to possess sufficient time for data storage. The buffer module is especially suitable for data processing related equipment, or industrial computer power supply equipment. If the terminal equipment requires a larger load or more time to store data, multiple buffer modules can be used in parallel as shown in Figure 4.

Contents UPS Buffer Module
Cost $$$$$ $$
Maintenance $$$ $
Size Large Small
Noise Mid to High Nane
Minus temperature operation Unable Possible
Maintenance difficulty High None

Figure 3

Figure 4

The composition complexity for the buffer module is relatively simple. Compared with the UPS, the buffer module has more compact materials, its reliability is relatively higher. The overall MTBF is also slightly higher than the UPS.
MEAN WELL launched the buffer module DBUF series to satisfy user's demand for equipment stability. The DBUF buffer module is additionally equipped with buffer signals. When the AC fails, the built-in relay of the DBUF buffer module will be activated, striving more time for data rescue.

Whether in reliability, volume, noise, price, working temperature, or maintenance cost aspects, the buffer module is equipped with more advantages, a smart choice for most users. All in all, both the UPS and the buffer module have their advantages and disadvantages. The best solution is the one meeting the requirements of the end system.